All You Need To Know About Node.js – Getting Started

I have written a blog on Introduction to Node.js. Please check that link to know some basics.

In this tutorial, We will look in to the following topics:

  • Node.js Dev environment set up
  • Hello World node.js web application, which prints or responds with ‘Hello World’
  • Explanation on the hello.js file

After this tutorial, you should be able to:

  • create a simple web server using node.js , which prints ‘Hello World’.
  • Understand the parts of the hello.js file.

You have to install the node.js in your machine. Please follow the instructions from to install node.js.

After installing, run the following command to verify the installation.
node --version

It should print the version of your node.js.


Developing the hello world program in node.js:

Now we are going to develop a small program that will print ‘Hello World from Node!’. Please note this is just a program, NOT a web server.

    1. Create a file called ‘helloWorld.js’, Enter the following line:
      console.log("Hello, World from Node!")
    2. Execute using node helloWorld.js and enter in the node REPL.
    3. You can see the message.


Developing a web server using node.js and responding with ‘Hello World from Node.js web server!’:

Now we are going to develop a small web server using node.js. Our server will simply respond  ‘Hello World from Node.js web server!’ when you make a request. The file is called ‘helloServer.js

var http = require("http");
http.createServer(function(request, response) {
response.writeHead(200, {"Content-Type": "text/plain"});
response.write("Hello World from Node.js web server!");

Node.js uses lots of inbuilt modules to accomplish various tasks for example file access, interacting with operating system services etc.

We have used such a module called ‘http’ to develop a web server which will listen to 8090 port and emits the message ‘Hello World from Node.js web server!’.

It is simple? Let us run and see whether we have developed a web application or not.

Just run ‘node helloServer.js’ and hit enter.
node helloServer.js


Now try to browse it from the browser and see what happens! http://localhost:8090/


So we have developed a small standalone (helloWorld.js) program and a web server(helloServer.js) and successfully executed it.

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